SCA News

SCA News

Sleep Deficit Doubles Risk of Cardiac Death

September 24, 2007­–LONDON–Researchers from the University of Warwick, and University College London, have found that lack of sleep can more than double the risk of death from cardiovascular disease. However they have also found that too much sleep can also more than double the risk of death.

According to the research, presented at the British Sleep Society by Professor Francesco Cappuccio from the University of Warwick’s Warwick Medical School, those who had cut their sleeping from seven hours to five hours or less faced a 1.7 fold increased risk in mortality from all causes, and twice the increased risk of death from a cardiovascular problem in particular.

High Occupancy Facilities in NY Must Have AEDs

September 22, 2007–ALBANY–A new law will expand New York State’s Public Access to Defibrillation program by requiring all high-occupancy facilities to be equipped with an automated external defibrillator (AED), according to the American Heart Association.

AED Capital of the World

September 22, 2007–INVECARGILL, NZ–Invercargill, New Zealand may have the highest saturation of defibrillators per capita in the world, according to St. John Ambulance, which is working with the Invercargill Licensing Trust (ILT) Foundation to make the community as safe as possible.

ILT has contributed more than $186,000 toward buying and installing 50 defibrillators in the Invercargill area, and providing training for 500 people to use the equipment. Places being considered for installation of the equipment included shopping outlets, sports clubs, libraries, swimming pools, entertainment venues and transport hubs.

In New Zealand, 3,800 people each year suffered from a cardiac arrest and 95 percent of victims die.

Rochester Celebrates 101st Save

September 22, 2007–ROCHESTER, Minn.–Deputy Police Chief Steve Johnston has announced the 101st life saved by first responders in Rochester since the program began nearly 17 years ago.

Dr. Roger White, a professor at Mayo Medical School, medical director for Gold Cross Ambulance, and adviser to the SCA Foundation (see bio), initiated a study in November 1990 to see if putting portable defibrillators in four city squad cars would help save lives of people in cardiac arrest. It did, and the rest is history.

Rochester became the first city in the world to put the portable units in squad cars. Today, all Rochester squad cars have the units.

In 1998, the units were added to all Rochester firetrucks.

Firefighters Die Most Often From Sudden Cardiac Arrest

September 21, 2007–ATLANTA–Firefighters are dying on the job from preventable cardiovascular conditions. Death from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) represents the most common cause of a firefighter fatality.

According to a new National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) alert, measures by fire departments and fire service agencies can prevent such incidents. Sudden cardiac death represents the most common cause of on-duty firefighter fatalities, killing about 45 each year.

The report, "Preventing Fire Fighter Fatalities Due to Heart Attacks and Other Sudden Cardiovascular Events," incorporates findings from NIOSH investigations into sudden cardiac-related deaths, an extensive review of the literature, and opinions from 12 outside experts in the fire service and occupational health communities.

National CPR/AED Awareness Week Introduced in Congress

September 20, 2007–WASHINGTON–The American Red Cross and American Heart Association have joined to applaud federal legislation that would designate the first week of June as “National Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Week.” The bill, introduced today by U.S. Representatives John R. “Randy” Kuhl, Jr. (R-NY), and Dan Boren (D-OK) would further educate Americans about the necessity of CPR and AED training and use to reduce death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).

“This legislation will help Americans save lives at the community level,” said Rep. Kuhl. “If you suffer sudden cardiac arrest outside of a hospital, you have (about) a five percent chance of survival. It doesn't have to be that way. If we can train more Americans in performing CPR and using AEDs, we can save more lives.”

WelchAllyn AEDs Recalled

September 18, 2007–MRL/WelchAllyn has issued a Class I recall of Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) manufactured between October 2003 and January 2005 (serial numbers 205787 through 207509).

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in a message updated September 18th, the recalled devices may display a “Defib Comm” error message on the device display during use, which “may result in a terminal failure of the device to analyze the patient’s ECG and deliver the appropriate therapy.”

Class I recalls are the most serious FDA recalls. The FDA issues Class I recalls when there is a good chance that the use of a medical device could cause serious injury or death. According to the FDA, emergency and medical personnel should stop using the AED 20 Automatic External Defibrillators immediately.

Not All Heart Failure Patients Receive Optimal Therapy: Women and Elderly Less Like to Get ICDs

September 17, 2007–MINNEAPOLISBaseline data from the largest study of United States-based heart failure (HF) patients in the outpatient setting demonstrate significant gaps and variation in medical care, particularly for women and the elderly. Findings from the Registry to Improve the Use of Evidence-Based Heart Failure Therapies in the Outpatient Setting (IMPROVE HF) study were presented today in a poster session at the Heart Failure Society of America Annual Scientific Meeting. 

“This is the first study of its kind to document the extent to which heart failure patients in the outpatient setting are receiving optimal treatment, as defined by the most recent treatment guidelines,” said Gregg C. Fonarow, MD, Co-Chair of the IMPROVE HF Scientific Steering Committee and Professor of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles. 

Three Saves in Three Months at Hawaii Airport

September 15, 2007–HONOLULU–For the third time since July, a life has been saved at a Honolulu International Airport with an automated external defibrillator (AED). Thanks to quick thinking by those around him, a 76-year-old man from New Jersey is alive.

Doctors Jonathan Duca and Nanette Duca-Cruz came in on a flight from New Jersey on Saturday, when they heard a call for help.

“We came down to baggage claim, and we were standing at the carousel waiting to get our bags, and someone came and yelled, ‘Help! Is there a doctor? Is there a nurse?’” said Dr. Duca, a fourth-year anesthesiology resident at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center in Paterson, New Jersey.

A man had collapsed at a baggage claim area. The doctors immediately started CPR while airport employees brought an AED. Dr. Duca-Cruz, also a fourth-year anesthesiology resident, used the AED to bring the man’s heart back to a normal rhythm.

National ICD Registry Reports Few Complications with Implantation of Internal Defibrillators

Some Implanting Physicians Lack Formal Training

September 7, 2007­–WASHINGTON–First the good news: First year data from the National ICD Registry indicates few complications with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICDs). Now the bad news: A number of implanting physicians had no formal training with the medical procedure. The report will be published in the September 2007 edition of Heart Rhythm the official journal of the Heart Rhythm Society.

The registry, the nation’s first comprehensive database of detailed information about patients with the implantable medical devices, found that complications at the time of device implantation and prior to hospital discharge occurred at a 3.6 percent rate in the more than 108,000 ICD implantations at 1,117 hospitals. Adverse events included hematomas (1.2 percent), lead dislodgement (1.0 percent) and death (0.02 percent).

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The mission of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest. The vision of the SCA Foundation is to increase awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and influence attitudinal and behavioral changes that will reduce mortality and morbidity from SCA.

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