Implementing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Programs in High Schools
A study by Derek Hoyme and Dianne Atkins, MD at the University of Iowa may serve as an example to states that have yet to require CPR training before high school graduation.
Iowa has required CPR as a graduation requirement since 2011 as an unfunded mandate. Researchers performed a cross-sectional study through multiple choice surveys sent to Iowa high schools to collect data about school demographics, details of CPR programs, cost, logistics, and barriers to implementation, as well as automated external defibrillator training and availability.
Eighty-four schools responded (26 percent), with the most frequently reported school size of 100-500 students and faculty size of 25-50. When the law took effect, 51 percent of schools had training programs already in place; at the time of the study, 96 percent had successfully implemented CPR training. Perceived barriers to implementation were staffing, time commitment, equipment availability, and cost. The average estimated startup cost was <$1,000, and the yearly maintenance cost was <$500 with funds typically allocated from existing school resources. The facilitator was a school official or volunteer for 81 percent of schools. Average estimated training time commitment per student was less than two hours. Automated external defibrillators are available in 98 percent of schools, and 61 percent include automated external defibrillator training in their curriculum.
The authors concluded that despite perceived barriers, school CPR training programs can be implemented with reasonable resource and time allocations.
See abstract here.
SOURCE: Hoyme DB, Atkins DL, J Pediatr. 2017 Feb;181:172-176.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.10.037. Epub 2016 Nov 14.