Archive - 2014 - SCA Article

Archive - 2014 - SCA Article

November 16th

American Heart Association Pre-Arrival Telephone CPR Guidelines Help Save Lives

Is the patient breathing normally?CHICAGO, IL--Implementing American Heart Association pre-arrival telephone CPR guidelines throughout Arizona has dramatically increased the number of bystanders performing CPR and survival from cardiac arrest, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2014.
 
The guidelines call for emergency dispatchers and call takers to provide assertive step-by-step Telephone-CPR instructions to bystanders during a 9-1-1 call.
 

Researchers analyzed and linked over 4,000 9-1-1 audio recordings in eigh

November 15th

Patients With Active Asthma at Higher Risk for Heart Attack, Mayo Clinic Research Shows

Heart attacks can lead to sudden cardiac arrest

CHICAGO, IL--Patients with active asthma  — such as any use of asthma medications, and unscheduled office or emergency visits for asthma — are at a twofold risk of having a heart attack, according to Mayo Clinic research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2014.

Researchers compared 543 patients who had heart attacks with 543 non-heart attack patients of the same age and gender. These patients were treated at health care facilities in Rochester, Minnesota, between 2002 and 2006. The average age of patients was 67 years old, and 44 percent were women. Within the heart attack patient group, 81 patients had asthma, 44 of those with active asthma.

All CPR Is Not Equal

CHICAGO, IL--The effectiveness of performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in cardiac arrest cases may have influenced the outcomes in one clinical trial, researchers suggested here.

Only about 40% of patients in the trial received CPR that was guideline compliant in delivering proper compression rate, compression depth and compression fraction, said Demetris Yannopoulos, MD, associate professor of medicine at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.

In his oral presentation at the American Heart Association Resuscitation Science Symposium, Yannopoulos said the failure to perform adequate CPR in the clinical part of a trial that tested an investigative active inspiratory impedance threshold device may have contributed to the neutral finding in the study.

Lay Bystanders in Higher Income Pennsylvania Counties More Likely to Perform CPR

Nina LiCHICAGO, IL--Members of the public in counties with higher median household incomes are more likely to step into action to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, when they witness someone have a cardiac arrest, according to a new study led by researchers in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, which was presented today at the American Heart Association’s Resuscitation Science Symposium 2014.

November 14th

Are Women More Likely to Survive Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac arrest is most often fatal, but research is conflicting on whether women have better survival odds than men.

In two studies scheduled to be presented Saturday at the American Heart Association's annual meeting in Chicago, researchers reached differing conclusions.

One French study, of more than 400,000 cardiac arrest victims, found that women were 11 percent more likely to survive than men even though the women had more strikes against them: They were typically older than their male counterparts, for example, and were less likely to receive CPR from a bystander.

But the other study -- of roughly 22,000 cardiac arrests in the Netherlands -- found that women were less likely to be successfully revived by paramedics.

The reasons for the conflicting findings are not completely clear, according to Dr. Michael Sayre, a professor of emergency medicine at the University of Washington and a spokesman for the American Heart Association (AHA).

Women Less Likely to be Successfully Resuscitated After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest, Says Dutch Study

Marieke Blom, PhDWomen are less likely to be successfully resuscitated with CPR by emergency medical services when they have a cardiac arrest outside of the hospital, according to researchers in The Netherlands who presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2014.
 

Researchers identified 22,443 out-of-hospital cardiac deaths (52.8 percent male) and reviewed data on 6,038 out-of-hospital CPR attempts by emergency medical services (72.5 percent male) in the same study region, all aged over 20. They found:

Women Are More Likely to Survive Sudden Cardiac Arrest, Says International Study

Women are 11 percent more likely to survive an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest compared to men, according to researchers at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2014.
 

Cardiac arrest is the abrupt loss of heart function in a person who may or may not have diagnosed heart disease. The time and mode of death are unexpected. It occurs instantly or shortly after symptoms appear.

Researchers reviewed data from 13 independent international studies (38 percent included U.S. registries) involving 409,323 patients. In most studies, the researchers found that more women faced unfavorable circumstances when a cardiac arrest occurred. For example, many women were older, had lower instances of having a “shockable” heart rhythm and didn’t receive CPR from bystanders when compared to men.

But women were still more likely to survive to hospital discharge.

Resuscitation Beyond the 25-Minute Mark

Good neurological outcomes likely in survivors of prolonged resuscitation

On a hot summer afternoon in Raleigh, N.C., paramedics from the Wake County EMS System (WCEMSS) respond to a middle-aged man lying pulseless and apneic next to his truck on the shoulder of an interstate.

The Raleigh Fire Department personnel who were first on scene had witnessed the patient suffer cardiac arrest after vomiting his sports drink. They initiated CPR and shocked the patient twice with an automated external defibrillator (AED) prior to EMS arrival.

Paramedics place the patient on a cardiac monitor and observe ventricular fibrillation, prompting a third shock and continued CPR. EMS and first responders work as a team to provide aggressive resuscitation in an effort to save the man’s life.

November 11th

Judge Supports Duty of Target to Have AEDs at Its Big Box Stores

91-Year-Old Ninth Circuit Judge Supports Duty of Target to have AED at Its Big Box Stores: Monstah PAC Announces its Support for Allowing Trial Over Issue of Target Store’s Failure to have AED Onsite When Customer Died from Sudden Cardiac Arrest

OCEANSIDE, CA--Monstah PAC a Federal Election Commission registered Super PAC announced today that it supports the proliferation of Automated External Defribillators throughout the US.

November 3rd

Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, Elected Chairman of the Board

Norman Abramson, MD, Mary Newman, Bobby Khan, MDPITTSBURGH, PA--Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, was elected Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation on November 4. Dr. Khan succeeds Norman S. Abramson, MD, FACEP, FCCM, Professor Emeritus, University of Pittsburgh Department of Emergency Medicine, who served as Board Chair since 2011. Dr. Khan previously served as Board Chair from 2008-2011.

Mission & Vision

The mission of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest. The vision of the SCA Foundation is to increase awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and influence attitudinal and behavioral changes that will reduce mortality and morbidity from SCA.

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