Archive - 2012 - SCA Article

Archive - 2012 - SCA Article

AEDs in Metra Trains Could Save Lives

CHICAGO--All Metra trains will be equipped with automatic external defibrillators by the end of January, officials announced on Thursday.

The easy-to-use, automated device helped a Naperville woman save two lives at the fitness center were she works.

The latest involved a man who collapsed face first on a treadmill after going into cardiac arrest. Tracy Trimble got some help rolling the man over, then she performed CPR and chest compressions. And with the defibrillator, she brought the man back to life.

“His body jolted and the machine told me to continue CPR, so I continued,” she said. “And I gave one last breath and all of a sudden miraculously, he was awake again.”

Trimble says she sees the man at the gym every so often: “He’s a big Italian guy so he gives me a hug and a kiss on the cheek every time he sees me.”

December 12th

Mental Health Scars Common After Cardiac Arrest

A quarter of cardiac arrest survivors suffer long-term psychological problems such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and depression, a new review of research estimates.

This additional stress on recovering patients is under-diagnosed, researchers say, and doctors have few standard methods for identifying who is at risk.

"Anxiety, depression and PTSD are major concerns after cardiac arrest," said lead author Kathryn Wilder Schaaf, a postdoctoral fellow at Virginia Commonwealth University. "We have the tools to treat this, (so) it's important to make sure that it's identified," she added.

Many long-term care issues for survivors are unknown, experts said, largely because only 10 percent of the 382,800 Americans who suffer cardiac arrest each year survive.

December 11th

Defibrillator Case to Go to Top Court in California

With more than 700 Americans dying of cardiac arrest each day, a divided federal appeals court wants the California Supreme Court to decide whether state law requires businesses to keep a defibrillator on hand, a device that might have saved the life of a 49-year-old woman who collapsed at a Target store.

A panel of the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco voted 2-1 Tuesday to ask the state's high court to decide whether a commercial property owner's legal duty to provide emergency medical aid requires the availability of a defibrillator.

The dissenting judge, Harry Pregerson, said he believes state law requires a store to meet the "insignificant burden" of owning a defibrillator, which costs $1,200, and training one or more employees in its use.

December 10th

Hands-Only CPR Best for Victims of Sudden Cardiac Arrest, According to Japanese Study

KYOTO, Japan - Chest compression-only CPR performed by bystanders — without rescue breathing — keeps more people alive with good brain function after having a sudden cardiac arrest, according to a Japanese study reported in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

December 6th

No Stopping Those Roller-coaster Rides!

Michelle Rajpolt, Monroe, CT – 11 at time of event (2010)

Michelle Rajpolt Born with congenital heart defects means that Michelle has been sport restricted her whole life. She got her first cardiac device implanted as a toddler. She joined the zipper club before primary school, and she absolutely loves a roller-coaster ride. One Monday afternoon at school gym playing dodgeball, Michelle felt ill, took a break and collapsed.

December 5th

Switching to Chest-Compressions Only Method Doubled Survival in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

TUCSON, AZ - Adoption of chest-compressions-only resuscitation over traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for bystander intervention in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest dramatically improved survival rates in Arizona and other regions of the US, a new report shows [1].

The report, by Drs Gordon Ewy and Arthur Sanders (University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson), was published online in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology on November 28, 2012.

According to Ewy, in 2003 they decided to change the approach used in treatment of patients experiencing sudden cardiac arrest because survival rates with traditional CPR had remained low for so long. 

AEDs to be Mandatory in Public Places in Manitoba

MANITOBA, Canada--The Manitoba government has proclaimed the "Defibrillator Public Access Act," the first legislation of its kind in Canada, which will make it mandatory for certain public places to have automated external defibrillators (AEDs) on site.Locations required to have AEDs by January 31, 2014, include fitness clubs, gyms, arenas, community centres, golf courses, schools, colleges and universities, airports, train and bus stations, casinos, homeless shelters

The Government of Manitoba has made funds available to provide over 1,000 AEDs to public places designated in the regulations, on a first come, first served basis. 

To read the law, click here.

To read more, click here.

New Regulations to Require Defibrillators in Mines Will Save Lives

HARRISBURG, Pa.--The Department of Environmental Protection announced today that underground coal mines will soon be required to install automated external defibrillators on the surface near the mine entry and underground in each working mine section. The requirement comes as part of a regulatory rulemaking that will appear in the Dec. 8 edition of the Pennsylvania Bulletin and take effect March 8, 2013.

"This requirement, which was overwhelmingly supported by mine operators and workers, is the first of its kind in the nation and is just another example of how Pennsylvania leads the world in deep mine safety," DEP Secretary Mike Krancer said. "These defibrillators will help save lives in our underground mines.

"Thanks to cooperation among regulators, labor and management, Pennsylvania has gone an unprecedented 42 months without a fatality in an underground mine," he said.

November 25th

Atrial Fibrillation Linked to Sudden Cardiac Death

Atrial fibrillation may raise the risk of sudden cardiac death, according to findings from two large population-based cohorts, according to a report in MedPage Today.

The risk of sudden cardiac death was elevated 3.26-fold with incident atrial fibrillation in multivariate analysis of the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) study, Lin Y. Chen, MD, MS, of the University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis, and colleagues found.

And the risk was 2.14 times higher after onset of Afib in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), the group reported online in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

If confirmed, the sudden cardiac death finding "adds to our evolving understanding that Afib is not a benign condition," they wrote.

November 20th

Sudden Death Risk Higher in Black Women

Researchers have determined that postmenopausal women have specific independent risk factors that drive their incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and being African American is one of them.

African-American women had a significant 61% increased risk of SCD compared with other races, after all known risk factors and sociodemographic risk factors were accounted for, according to Monica L. Bertoia, MPH, PhD, of Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, and colleagues.

Of the 418 women who experienced SCD, investigators identified these characteristics, in addition to traditional risk factors, that put them at increased risk:

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