Archive - 2015

Archive - 2015

July 23rd

I am a drowning as a caregiver for my husband

I would like to share with significant others or spouses of survivors , we are 68 and the arrest was 6/11/2011.

Heel-Only CPR: A Giant Step for Resuscitation?

Research has demonstrated the benefits of “hands-only CPR” or “continuous chest compressions,” as an approach that is easily learned and likely to increase bystander intervention in cases of sudden cardiac arrest, compared with traditional CPR, which includes chest compressions plus rescue breathing.

However, anyone who has given CPR knows it can be extremely tiring. Further, its effectiveness depends on quality (e.g., rate, depth of compression, leaning).

But what would happen if instead of compressing the chest using the heels of their hands, bystanders used the heels of their feet? Would chest compressions be more effective? Would rescuers have more endurance?

July 22nd

In Summer Heat, Athletic Trainers Call for Safety Measures

A thousand-dollar expenditure for an automated external defibrillator (AED) could mean the difference between life and death for some young athletes, a cost that one Little Rock, Arkansas high school knows too well. 

A heart abnormality caused 16-year-old Antony Hobbs to collapse during his Parkview High basketball game in 2008. Hobbs was unaware of his condition, likely present since birth. Though an ambulance responded, he died about an hour after an otherwise ordinary game tip-off. 

The outcome differed starkly two years later when another Parkview player, Chris Winston, collapsed on court with the same condition. A new state law, named for Hobbs, had required that AEDs be placed in schools, and AED use led to Winston’s survival. 

July 21st

JAMA Studies Highlight CPR-AED Benefits Developed at UA Sarver Heart Center

TUCSON, AZ--The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) this week published significant findings in two studies noting improved patient outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) victims, influenced by bystander CPR interventions and the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs).

The Earlier The Better – Bystanders Save Lives With CPR for Cardiac Arrest

DURHAM, NC-- Sudden cardiac arrest kills an estimated 200,000 people a year in the United States, but many of those lives could be saved if ordinary bystanders simply performed CPR, a new study led by Duke Medicine shows.

The early application of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by an average person nearby, combined with defibrillation by firefighters or police before the arrival of emergency medical services (EMS), was the one intervention that substantially increased survival from cardiac arrest, according to findings reported by Duke researchers and colleagues in the July 21 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

July 20th

Studies Examine Use of Bystander Interventions for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Two studies in the July 21 issue of JAMA find that use of interventions such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillators by bystanders and first responders have increased and were associated with improved survival and neurological outcomes for persons who experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
 
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an increasing health concern worldwide, with poor prognoses. Shinji Nakahara, M.D., Ph.D., of the Kanagawa University of Human Services, Yokosuka, Japan, and colleagues examined the associations between bystander interventions and changes in neurologically intact survival among patients with OHCA in Japan. The researchers used data from Japan's nationwide OHCA registry, which started in January 2005.

July 19th

African-Americans Face Twice the Rate of Sudden Cardiac Arrest, Compared to Caucasians

New study in medical journal Circulation also shows African-Americans with Sudden Cardiac Arrest are significantly younger and have higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension

LOS ANGELES, CA--Compared to Caucasians, African-Americans face twice the rate of sudden cardiac arrest, according to a new study from the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute.

The study's findings, published in the peer-reviewed journal Circulation, result from the first scientific analysis comparing the detailed medical history of patients of different races who were stricken by the usually fatal condition. Approximately 350,000 die every year from sudden cardiac arrest in the U.S.

July 14th

Air Pollution from Wildfires May Ignite Heart Hazards

Exposure to fine particle air pollution during wildfires may increase risk for cardiac arrest and other acute heart problems, particularly in the elderly.

DALLAS, TX--Air pollution from wildfires may increase risk for cardiac arrests, and other acute heart problems, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

July 13th

Body Temperature Change May Trigger Sudden Cardiac Death

Scientists, including SFU professor Peter Ruben, have found that sudden death caused by cardiac arrhythmia can be triggered by changes in body temperature. The study is published in the Journal of Physiology.

The soccer player who drops dead in the middle of a game, or the infant who dies during sleep is often a victim of arrhythmia. Sudden cardiac death has several causes, including inheritable mutations in our DNA affecting structure and function of proteins in the heart. Simon Fraser University professor Peter Ruben found when studying the proteins that underlie electrical signaling in the heart, and subjecting those proteins to conditions that are similar to the stress of exercise, in some cases, temperature can cause changes that trigger arrhythmia.

July 9th

FDA Strengthens Heart Safety Warnings on Painkillers

The Food and Drug Administration is strengthening its warnings about painkillers like ibuprofen, saying they do raise the risk of heart attack or stroke. People should think carefully about taking these drugs, both over-the-counter versions and prescription pills, the FDA says. It's asking manufacturers to change the labels. The FDA spokesperson, Eric Pahon, is now saying that these painkillers do cause increased risk of heart attack and stroke. The painkillers include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDS, including ibuprofen, sold under brand names like Advil or Motrin; naproxen (Aleve), as well as prescription arthritis drugs known as COX-2 inhibitors, such as Celebrex. Tylenol, known generically as acetaminophen, is not an NSAID.

Mission & Vision

The mission of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest. The vision of the SCA Foundation is to increase awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and influence attitudinal and behavioral changes that will reduce mortality and morbidity from SCA.

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