Archive - Apr 2015

Archive - Apr 2015

April 29th

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Increases the Risk of Sudden Cardiac Death

People suffering from the common lung disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), have an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), according to new research published online today (Wednesday) in the European Heart Journal [1].

April 27th

Cardiovascular Screening for Young Athletes: A Continuing Controversy

Researchers Kimberly G. Harmon, MD, and Jonathan A. Drezner, MD, from the University of Washington have challenged the position taken by Barry Maron, MD, and colleagues of the Minneapolis Heart Institute in a letter to the editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association published on April 28.

They state: "In a Viewpoint on cardiovascular screening, Dr. Maron and colleagues argued that sudden cardiac death in athletes is rare, and therefore resources should be directed away from cardiovascular screening and toward other public health initiatives. Examples from Denmark were used to support the case. We assert that the statistical comparisons presented were not accurate.

Two Treatments Yield Similar Results for Children After Cardiac Arrest

NIH-funded research finds therapeutic hypothermia no more effective than normal temperature control

A large-scale, multicenter study has shown that emergency body cooling does not improve survival rates or reduce brain injury in infants and children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest more than normal temperature control.

Therapeutic hypothermia, or whole body cooling, can improve survival and health outcomes for adults after cardiac arrest and also for newborns with brain injury due to a lack of oxygen at birth. But, until now, this treatment has not been studied in infants or children admitted to hospitals with cardiac arrest.

April 24th

Cognitive Function and Health-Related Quality of Life Four Years After Cardiac Arrest

BERGEN, NORWAY--Neuropsychological testing has uncovered cognitive impairment in cardiac arrest survivors with good neurologic outcome according to the cerebral performance categories. Researchers from Norway investigated cognitive function and health-related quality of life four years after cardiac arrest. They evaluated 30 cardiac arrest survivors over the age of 18 in cerebral performance category 1 or 2* on hospital discharge, having them complete a battery of cognitive tests. The results were compared with population norms.

April 23rd

Executive Saves Cardiac Arrest Victim's Life At San Jose Airport

Mike Vanneman, bystander and volunteer firefighter saved two lives in the past year

A Los Altos business executive and volunteer firefighter is being credited with helping to save a heart attack victim with three shocks from a defibrillator on Sunday at Mineta San Jose International Airport. 

Mike Vanneman, founder of Los Altos-based TVG Executive Search and an unpaid firefighter trained in CPR, was in Terminal B near Southwest Airlines Gate 24 Sunday when a passenger arriving at the gate experienced sudden cardiac arrest, airport spokeswoman Rosemary Barnes said. 

April 19th

Study Assesses Safety of Sports Participation in LQTS Patients

Participation in both competitive and recreational sports may be safer than previously thought for pediatric patients with congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS), according to results of a study published April 20 in the first issue of JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology. 

In a retrospective cohort study, researchers reviewed data from 212 LQTS patients aged 4 – 21, referred to the Pediatric Arrhythmia Clinic at the Children’s Hospital in Philadelphia between 1998 and 2013, to evaluate the prevalence and outcomes of sports participation. Of those patients, 103 participated in competitive or recreational sports. The primary endpoint for the study was a serious adverse event during or up to two hours after sports. At the time of diagnosis of LQTS, 57 patients (55 percent) were asymptomatic, and all patients in this series were prescribed beta-blockade. 

April 17th

Should They Stay or Should They Go? Study Finds No Harm from Hospital Policies That Let Families Observe CPR

ANN ARBOR, MI--When a hospital patient's heart stops, the drama starts, as doctors and nurses work furiously at resuscitation. And at many hospitals, that's the cue for someone to pull a curtain and hurry the patient's loves ones out of the room. But some hospitals allow those family members to stay, and watch the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and other attempts to save the patient’s life that the medical team makes.

April 16th

NCAA Doctor Backs Off Recommending Heart Tests for Athletes

The NCAA’s chief medical officer said Friday that he will back off a plan to recommend a mandatory heart test for athletes at higher risk of cardiac death because of an outcry from university team doctors who oppose the practice.

Cognitive Problems Are Common After Cardiac Arrest

LUND, SWEDEN--Half of all patients who survive a cardiac arrest experience problems with cognitive functions such as memory and attention. This has been shown by a major international study led from Lund University. Surprisingly, however, a control group comprising heart attack patients had largely the same level of problems. This suggests that it is not only the cardiac arrest and the consequent lack of oxygen to the brain that is the cause of the patients’ difficulties.
 

The study led by Lund University involved 950 cardiac arrest patients in Europe and Australia.

"Nick of Time" Bill Signed Into Law

OLYMPIA, WA--Legislation aimed at raising awareness about sudden cardiac arrest in teen athletes was signed into law today by the governor. 

Senate Bill 5083, sponsored by Sen. Rosemary McAuliffe, D-Bothell, directs the Washington Interscholastic Activities Association (WIAA) to develop a pamphlet for students, families and coaches about sudden cardiac arrest. The association will also be required to develop a program to help coaches identify warning signs of cardiac arrest and develop cardiac arrest prevention strategies.

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The mission of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest. The vision of the SCA Foundation is to increase awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and influence attitudinal and behavioral changes that will reduce mortality and morbidity from SCA.

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