SCA News

SCA News

ECCU 2015: An International Conference with a Focus on Citizen CPR and the Survivor

The Emergency Cardiovascular Care Update, a conference of the Citizen CPR Foundation (CCPRF), will include three days of sessions designed to meet the needs of SCA survivors, family members, rescuers, and community advocates, with presentations from leaders in the field. 

Lowering Body Temperature Increases Survival, Brain Function in Cardiac Arrest Patients with Non-Shockable Heart Rhythms

Study Highlights

  • Lowering the body’s temperature in cardiac arrest patients with “non-shockable” heart rhythms increases survival and brain function.
  • Patients who received the treatment were about three times more likely to survive cardiac arrest and have better neurological function compared to those who did not receive it.

DALLAS, TX--Lowering the body’s temperature of cardiac arrest patients with “non-shockable” heart rhythms increases survival rates and brain function, according to new research in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation.

Study Quantifies Risk of Cardiac Arrest in Children During Spine Surgeries

Overall risk remains very low, researchers say.

Although the vast majority of pediatric spine surgeries are safe, a handful of neuromuscular conditions seem to fuel the risk of cardiac arrest during such operations, according to research led by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

A report on the findings, published in the November issue of the journal Spine, is believed to be the first to quantify the risk -- which is quite small -- of this potentially lethal complication among children. The findings, the investigators say, can help surgeons and operating room staff members better plan for such contingencies in high-risk patients.

The study results stem from an analysis of outcomes in some 2,600 spinal surgeries performed at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children in Dallas between 2004 and 2014. 

Show on SCA in Athletes to Begin Airing on PBS Channels and Online November 16

The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation assisted with creation of this episode by facilitating connections with survivor Mike Papale and his mother Joan Papale, and Mike's rescuer, Bob Huebner, and by providing background information on sudden cardiac arrest for the producers.

Large Study Reports Results Comparing Two CPR Methods Used by EMS Providers Following Sudden Cardiac Arrest

ORLANDO, FL--In a study published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers found that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) administered by emergency medical services (EMS) providers following sudden cardiac arrest that combines chest compressions with interruptions for ventilation resulted in longer survival times and shorter hospital stays than CPR that uses continuous chest compressions. Although compressions with pauses for ventilation lead to more hospital-free days within 30 days of the cardiac arrest, both methods achieved similar overall survival to hospital discharge, the study noted.

The compressions with interruptions consisted of 30 compressions then pauses for two ventilations. The continuous chest compressions consisted of 100 compressions per minute with simultaneous ventilations at 10 per minute. In both groups, emergency medical services (EMS) providers gave ventilations using a bag and mask.

Bystander CPR on Kids Has Increased, Survival Odds Improve for Some

Study Highlights: 

  • Just under half of children that had an out of hospital cardiac arrest received CPR from bystanders.
  • Survival rates improved among children but not among infants.
  • Bystander CPR was more common in white children than in black or Hispanic children.
  • Compression only CPR occurred in 50% of cardiac arrests.

ORLANDO, FL--Bystander CPR on kids is increasing and is improving survival from cardiac arrest outside the hospital, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.

Partners of Heart Defibrillator Patients Concerned About Resuming Sex

Study Highlights: 

  • Partners of people with heart defibrillators have more concerns about resuming sexual activity than patients immediately after the device is implanted.
  • Concerns declined for both over three months.

ORLANDO, FL--Intimate partners of people with heart defibrillators are more concerned about resuming sexual activity than the patients immediately after the device is implanted, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.

Implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICDs) deliver an electric shock to the heart to correct life threatening heart beats.

Common Antibiotics Increase Risk of Cardiac Arrhythmias, Cardiac Death

WASHINGTON, DC--Macrolides--a group of commonly used antibiotics for bacterial infections like pneumonia, bronchitis, and some sexually transmitted diseases--are associated with a small but statistically significant increased risk of sudden cardiac death, according to a meta-analysis of 33 studies involving more than 20 million patients published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Researchers from China analyzed data from studies conducted between 1966 and 2015, comparing patients treated with macrolides to similar patients treated with other antibiotics or with no antibiotic therapy. 

Middle School Students Learn CPR in Single PE Class

ORLANDO, FL--A one-time, 45-minute educational session on basic life support has the power to greatly improve middle school students’ CPR knowledge and skills, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.

Researchers evaluated the use of a 45-minute basic life support class given to 41 eighth-grade students during a physical education class. The instructors taught students about chest compressions and automated external defibrillators (AED) use. Researchers also studied the effect of repeat education by giving half the students a repeat course two months later, but no such course for the others. They tested students’ CPR knowledge and retention before and right after the initial session, as well as two and four months later.

Video-Only CPR Training Without a Manikin Still Effective

ORLANDO, FL--Using a video to train family members of patients at risk for cardiac arrest in CPR may be just as effective as using the traditional hands-on method with a manikin, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The findings suggest simplified and more cost-effective approaches may be useful for disseminating CPR education to families of at-risk patients and the general public. The results are being presented during the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2015.

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The mission of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation is to prevent death and disability from sudden cardiac arrest. The vision of the SCA Foundation is to increase awareness about sudden cardiac arrest and influence attitudinal and behavioral changes that will reduce mortality and morbidity from SCA.

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