About Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden Cardiac Arrest is a sudden and unexpected pulseless condition attributable to cessation of cardiac mechanical activity. Each year, 359,400 people experience EMS-assessed out-of-hospital non-traumatic sudden cardiac arrest and nine out of 10 victims die.[i] This is more than the number who die from Alzheimers, assault with firearms, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, diabetes, HIV, house fires, motor vehicle accidents, prostate cancer and suicides combined.[ii] [iii] When bystanders intervene by giving CPR and using automated external defibrillators before emergency medical services personnel arrive, 38% survive.[iv]
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation is a national community benefit 501(c)(3) organization based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (EIN 43-2093206). Our mission is to “raise awareness and support programs that give ‘ordinary’ people the power to save a life.” We work to raise awareness about prevention and treatment of sudden cardiac arrest, including post-resuscitation care. Our team is listed below.
What Sets Us Apart
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation has:
- A clear vision that survival from sudden cardiac arrest can and must become the norm, rather than the exception
- A conviction that sudden cardiac arrest can often be prevented
- Strong leadership by board members and advisory council members who are experts in the field
- Dedicated staff and volunteers who have been working together since the organization’s inception in 2006
- An organizational structure and effective strategies that minimize overhead costs
- A large and committed membership that is growing steadily.
What We Do
We are a mission-driven organization, dedicated exclusively to raising awareness and saving lives threatened by sudden cardiac arrest. Descriptions of our key initiatives follow.
Our website, www.sca-aware.org, is a comprehensive information clearinghouse on sudden cardiac arrest. The site enjoys steadily growing traffic, with a 50% increase in unique visitors during the past year alone. Visitors come from throughout the U.S., the U.K., Canada, Australia, India, Germany and about 100 other countries.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Network™
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Network is the nation’s first online community for people personally affected by sudden cardiac arrest, family members, and other community advocates that allows members to create Facebook-like profile pages and write blogs, forum posts, and personal reflections. Members may find their peers by searching multiple data fields such as state, zip code, and areas of interest (e.g., hypothermia, promotion of CPR-AED programs). “The Network” is designed to serve as a catalyst for grassroots collaboration, outreach and advocacy. Membership is free.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Survivor Network™
The SCA Survivor Network™, a subset of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest Network, is the nation’s first online community for sudden cardiac arrest survivors. “The Survivor Network” allows survivors to find their peers, share their experiences, and help one another in the healing process. Survivor stories are posted here.
The Survivor Network also provides opportunities to “pay it forward” and help save other lives. Survivors may opt to participate in research studies and efforts to increase awareness, such as media interviews, speaking opportunities and community outreach. For example, we have worked with Rutgers University, Yale University, and the University of Pittsburgh to facilitate research studies among interested survivors.
Targeted Educational Campaigns
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation is spearheading several educational campaigns, including:
You Can Save a Life at School™ , is an award-winning publication targeted to secondary school stakeholders, which has been distributed by sponsors and nonprofit partners nationwide. The publication has been used by advocates to promote greater access to AEDs in schools in state legislatures. The campaign features a related website and ongoing social media outreach.
You Can Save a Life on Campus™ , is a newly launched publication targeted to college and university stakeholders, being distributed by sponsors and nonprofit partners nationwide. It features a related website and ongoing social media outreach.
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation sponsors several award programs. The “People Saving People™” award is designed to raise awareness about the importance of bystander intervention in cases of sudden cardiac arrest. The Foundation’s video contests are designed to stimulate creative ways to raise awareness, particularly in school settings.
Since raising awareness is fundamental to our mission, we place strong emphasis on both traditional and social media relations. We regularly distribute national news releases, which garner tens of thousands of online and print placements. We work with reporters, providing information and expert commentary and facilitating survivor interviews.
Our letters to the editor and blogs have been published in The Huffington Post, The New York Times, The Washington Post, and Newsweek, and our articles have been published in the Journal of Emergency Medical Services. Our National Spokesperson, Susan Koeppen, has represented the Foundation in multiple media TV and radio interviews.
We distribute e-newsletters regularly to thousands of targeted individuals, including survivors and others affected by sudden cardiac arrest and other community health advocates. We also emphasize active social media engagement through Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and YouTube.
National, Regional and Local Outreach
We conduct outreach by speaking and exhibiting at multiple national conferences and meetings each year. In addition, working in collaboration with the Citizen CPR Foundation, we have conducted workshops for survivors of sudden cardiac arrest and their families. We also conduct and participate in regional and local community events.
Collaboration and Advocacy
We collaborate with other like-minded organizations on initiatives aimed at raising awareness and saving lives. In addition, we support federal and state legislative and regulatory advocacy efforts.
[ii] CDC National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 60, No. 3, Dec. 29, 2011
[iii] CDC Fire Deaths and Injuries Fact Sheet, 2011
[iv] Weisfeldt ML, Sitlani CM, Ornato JP, et al., on behalf of the ROC Investigators. J Am Coll Cardiol 2010;55:1713-1720.
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is a leading cause of death among adults over the age of 40 in the United States and other countries. In the U.S. alone, approximately 359,400 people die every year from SCA. SCA also affects many young people. Approximately 10 percent of SCA events occur among people less than 40 years of age.
The death toll from SCA is equivalent to the number of people who would die if three fully-loaded Boeing 777 aircraft crashed every single day. Imagine the public outrage if this were to happen. Yet the public does not seem to be aware—let alone protest—this travesty. Too often, common misperceptions prevail. The media often reports about people who die from “massive heart attacks,” reinforcing the mistaken notion that nothing could have been done. In reality, these sudden deaths usually represent SCA, a condition that can be treated successfully through early intervention with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillators.
Unlike many other medical conditions, survival from SCA depends on immediate intervention by bystanders, typically laypersons with no medical training who lack an understanding about their vital role in determining whether SCA victims live or die. Consequently, only seven percent of SCA victims survive in the U.S., when as many as 20 percent or more could survive if they were treated in a timely, effective manner. If the survival rate could increase to 20 percent, 50,000 lives could be saved each year.
While many laypersons are exposed to CPR training in school or at work, despite decades of large-scale initiatives, the number of laypersons who have learned and retained these skills and would use them in real world emergencies remains disappointingly low. Similarly, the public’s understanding of the lifesaving potential of defibrillators, particularly when used by laypersons, is severely lacking. Yet to reduce death and disability from SCA, the general public must learn that its engagement in the lifesaving process is vital.
There is an unmet need for an easily accessible, objective, comprehensive information clearinghouse on the prevention of death and disability due to SCA. While various organizations address specific conditions that cause SCA or specific populations affected by SCA and some organizations include SCA as one of many topics they address, and while there are a number of helpful industry resources, there is no one central repository of current, reliable information on SCA that addresses the condition of SCA before, during and after its occurrence. Furthermore, there is no central virtual meeting place for “any time, any place” exchange of information, ideas, experiences and guidance related to SCA.
The Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation has been established to meet this need. The Foundation is national in focus and global in reach.
- Collaboration: We value collaboration, cooperation and collegiality as a way to strengthen our mission and the missions of all organizations with which it interacts. We believe that “none of us is as smart as all of us” (Warren Bennis, 1996). We believe in the importance of initiating and sustaining collaborative relationships.
- Service: We value high-quality, user-centered service, anticipating and meeting the information and communication needs of users.
- Academic Rigor: We value medical, public health, public policy and education research and the importance of providing current, reliable, valid, science-based practical information.
- Respect: We respect the individual skills, abilities and diversity of SCA Foundation users, staff, directors, advisors and mentors. We value excellence, accountability, and creativity.
- Integrity: We value integrity, neutrality and objectivity.
- Support: We value the importance of giving support to those personally affected by SCA by providing information resources and guidance from professional caregivers and by facilitating peer-to-peer communications.
- Systems Integration: We value the importance of an integrated systems approach to addressing SCA, recognizing that the prevention of death and disability from SCA depends on the active involvement of laypersons and emergency personnel within integrated EMS systems.
- Celebration: We value the importance of celebrating successes both in individual patients and in developing solutions to identified issues.
- Norman S. Abramson, MD, FACEP, FCCM, Professor Emeritus, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, Chairman
- David H. Belkin, Esq., David Belkin Consulting, LLC, Bethesda, MD
- Jamie Dixon, Head Coach, Men's Basketball, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, Honorary Chairman
- Bobby V. Khan, MD, Ph.D., Executive Director, Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation/ St. Joseph's Translational Research Institute, Atlanta, GA (Immediate Past Chairman)
- Srinivas Murali, MD, FACC, FACM, Professor of Medicine and Director, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Medical Director, the Gerald McGinnis Cardiovascular Institute, Allegheny General Hospital, West Penn Allegheny Health System, Pittsburgh, PA
- Mary M. Newman, MS, President and Co-Founder, SCA Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA (ex officio)
- Gary A. Runco, PE, PLS, Pittsburgh Area Manager, Borton-Lawson, Pittsburgh, PA
- Robert H. Trenkamp, Jr., President and Co-Founder, Saving Lives in Chatham County, Savannah, GA
- George Yamalis, MBA, Independent Consultant, Pittsburgh, PA
- Stuart Berger, MD, Medical Director, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
- Allan Braslow, PhD, President, Braslow & Associates, Greenwich, CT; Senior Consulting Associate, Goodman Research Group, Cambridge, MA; Visiting Scholar, Organizational Dynamics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
- Carissa Caramanis O'Brien, EMT, Aetna, Pro-Med Network, Boston, MA
- James Cockrell, MD, FACC, Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Washington Adventist Hospital, Takoma, MD
- Dana Peres Edelson, MD, MS, Assistant Professor, Director of Clinical Research, Emergency Resuscitation Center, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
- Robert Gillio, MD, Chief Medical Officer, Innerlink, Inc., Lancaster, PA
- Keith Griffiths, President, The Red Flash Group, Encinitas, CA
- Henry Jampel, MD, SCA Survivor and Professor of Opthamology, Johns Hopkins University Medical Center, Baltimore, MD
- Michael Kumer, Boards Made to Order, Pittsburgh, PA
- Keith Lurie, MD, Co-Director, Cardiac Arrthymia Center, Central Minnesota Heart Center, St. Cloud, MN
- Robert A. Niskanen, Managing Director, Resurgent Biomedical Consulting LLC, Seattle, WA
- Joseph P. Ornato, MD, Professor and Chairman, Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University/ Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA
- Edward M. Racht, MD, Medical Director, American Medical Response, Denver, CO
- Edmund Ricci, PhD, MLitt, Director, Institute for Evaluation Science in Community Health, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health, Pittsburgh, PA
- Andrew Roszak, Esq.,JD, MPA, EMT-P, National Association of County and City Health Officials, Washington, DC
- Michael R. Sayre, MD, Professor, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
- Samuel F. Sears, PhD, Professor and Director of Health Psychology, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC
- Laurence S. Sperling, MD, FACC, FACP, FAHA, Associate Professor of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
- Roger D. White, MD, Professor of Anesthesiology, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN
- Gary Zmrhal, Managing Partner, Cire Consulting, LLC, Chicago, IL
- President, Mary M. Newman, MS, mary [dot] newman [at] sca-aware [dot] org
- Administrative Assistant: Barb Cooper
- Project Manager: Jeremy Whitehead, jeremy [dot] whitehead [at] sca-aware [dot] org
- Outreach Coordinator: Jennifer Bassett, jennifer [dot] bassett [at] sca-aware [dot] org
- Contributing Author: A.J. Caliendo
- College Intern: Amanda Seagle, amanda [dot] seagle [at] sca-aware [dot] org
- Student Intern: Alyssa Mehlhorn
- Webmaster: Michael Kuhleman, M2Technology
- Legal Adviser: James R. Olson, Esq.
- Accounting Firm: McCall, Scanlon & Tice, LLC
- Advanced Circulatory Systems, Inc.
- Elsevier Public Safety
- Emergency Care & Safety Institute
- InnerLink, Inc.
- The RedFlash Group
Norman S. Abramson, MD, FACEP, FCCM
Professor of Emergency Medicine
University of Pittsburgh
Norman S. Abramson, MD, FACEP, FCCM, is Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh whose research has focused primarily on cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation. His previous appointments include Professor of Emergency Medicine at The Ohio State University, Chairman of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Associate Professor in the Division of Critical Care Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC), and Associate Director for Clinical Affairs at the International Resuscitation Research Center at UPMC.
Dr. Abramson’s clinical experience includes serving as an attending physician in emergency medicine at hospitals in Western Pennsylvania and Colorado. Dr. Abramson also served as a flight surgeon in the United States Air Force.
Dr. Abramson has published numerous original research papers, reviews, invited papers, editorials, books, book chapters, and abstracts. He has been an invited lecturer at many universities and medical assemblies worldwide.
One of his principle research interests is improving neurologic outcome among survivors of sudden cardiac arrest. He served as a principal investigator of the International Brain Resuscitation Clinical Trials from 1979to 1994 and was co-author of several landmark resuscitation papers that promoted early defibrillation, the chain of survival, deferred consent for resuscitation research, and uniform reporting of cardiac arrest data.
Dr. Abramson has served in multiple leadership positions in medical associations including the Society for Critical Care Medicine, the American College of Emergency Physicians, the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. He is also a reviewer for several medical journals.
Dr. Abramson received a Bachelor of Arts in Physics from Cornell University and a Doctor of Medicine Degree from New York University. His postgraduate work included an internship in internal medicine at the University of Wisconsin, residency in emergency medicine at the University of Cincinnati, and a fellowship in critical care medicine at the University of Pittsburgh where he served as chief fellow from 1979-1980.
David H. Belkin, Esq.
Independent Counselor to Nonprofits
David Belkin Consulting LLC
David Belkin, Independent Counselor to Nonprofits, is one of the nation’s leading planned giving specialists with more than 22 years experience in philanthropy. Previously, he served as a senior consultant for Skystone Ryan. Mr. Belkin’s background includes directing capital campaigns, endowment and planned giving programs, and grantmaking. Prior to joining Skystone Ryan, he served the Jewish Federation of Greater Washington as the director of its United Jewish Endowment Fund. Mr. Belkin spent his early career in government service including positions with the Securities and Exchange Commission, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the General Services Administration and the House of Representatives Ethics Committee. He is the past chairman of the board of the Washington Regional Association of Grantmakers. He is currently on the board and treasurer of Jewish Youth Philanthropy Institute, a non-profit located in Washington DC.
Mr. Belkin is a frequent speaker at professional conferences and is a member of the National Capital Gift Planning Council. A licensed Certified Public Accountant, he received his law degree from Villanova University.
Mr. Belkin survived sudden cardiac arrest on February 18, 2007. Read Mr. Belkin's Story.
Allan Braslow, PhD
President, Braslow & Associates, Greenwich, CT
Senior Consulting Associate, Goodman Research Group, Cambridge, MA
Visiting Scholar, Organizational Dynamics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Allan Braslow, PhD, is a specialist in medical provider and layperson education, public health and safety, research and development, and EMS system development, education and implementation. He received his PhD in 1985 from the University of Illinois where he specialized in public and provider education, medical research dissemination and implementation, public health and safety, and educational psychology. He received his M.S. (1980) and B.A. (1974) degrees from The Pennsylvania State University.
Dr. Braslow is best known to the emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) community for his research and educational development work in CPR training. His publications and presentations have challenged the ECC and EMS field to consider the “real world” aspects of being an effective instructor and provider. His work has also focused on helping laypersons learn and perform CPR in actual emergencies. From 2002-2005, his research team was contracted by the AHA to evaluate the quality and effectiveness of the BLS and ACLS courses, in preparation for the latest course revisions. Many of the changes in the newer courses, including the instructional methods and student skill evaluations, are a product of his team’s work.
Dr. Braslow has served as an expert and member of advisory boards for various agencies including:
- NIH, where he served on the Data Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for the Public Access Defibrillation (PAD) national research trial and as a program advisor for the National Heart Attack Alert Program
- USDOT–EMS Division, where he was Principal Investigator for the National Standard Curriculum on Bystander Care and also a Principal Investigator for the EMT-B program
- Other expert appointments have been with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; the Indianapolis 500 Motor Speedway; U.S. Olympic Committee; Washington, DC EMS Presidential Inaugural Group; and the U.S. Dept. of Justice.
Dr. Braslow also authored the first “Adult CPR” textbook and training program for the American Red Cross.
His greatest accomplishment, however, was the time eleven years ago when he performed CPR on his own mother and helped save her life.
James Cockrell, Jr., MD, FACC
Director, Cardiac Electrophysiology at Washington Adventist Hospital
Takoma Park, MD
James Cockrell, MD, presently Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology at Washington Adventist Hospital, completed undergraduate training at The George Washington University Medical Center in Washington, DC. He completed his post-graduate training in cardiology and cardiac electrophysiology in San Francisco in 1988.
Since completion of his training, his career has encompassed work for over 20 years in the field of heart rhythm management with a focus on prevention of sudden cardiac arrest. His involvement in the field has included research to improve implantable device therapy, teaching fellow physicians in the academic setting, writing text book chapters including Dr. Braunwald’s Color Atlas, giving numerous talks and presentations across the US. His present focus from a private practice perspective is to improve community awareness on the prevention of sudden cardiac arrest.
Robert G. Gillio, MD
Founder/ Chairman/ Chief Medical Officer
Robert G. Gillio, MD, graduated from Lawrence University magna cum laude in 1976 and received his medical degree from Rush Medical College in 1980. He attended the Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, where he pursued a residency in internal medicine and a research fellowship in thoracic diseases. He moved to Lancaster in 1988, where he joined Pulmonary Associates and was awarded Doctor of the Year by the Nursing Practice Board. Dr. Gillio left a successful medical practice in the summer of 2000 to devote his attention to the founding of InnerLink. In 2003, he was appointed an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center at The Pennsylvania State University.
Dr. Gillio has coupled his skills as a physician with his quest to make the practice of medicine safer and better understood through technology. A leader in telemedicine, virtual reality surgical simulation, Internet-based education, and ase-based learning, Dr. Gillio has founded four companies and sold two of them to Fortune 500 companies. Dr. Gillio holds 13 patents on various medical and educational products, six of which are owned by InnerLink, Inc.
Dr. Gillio is the author of Lessons Learned from Ground Zero, an account of his experiences while providing health screenings to New York Police Department (NYPD) officers involved at Ground Zero. He has since participated in federal disaster simulations and debriefed the Pentagon facility staff regarding the events of 9/11. He is founder of the Lancaster Pennsylvania Citizen Corps Council and is a computer software and book reviewer for the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Dr. Gillio's current focus to utilize the web to create tools for education and care with online programs and personal health records, through his company, InnerLink, to try to make a systemic change in the preparedness of a nation for massive large scale catastrophes and individual emergencies, such as sudden cardiac arrest.
The RedFlash Group
Keith Griffiths has 30 years of publishing, marketing and trade show experience, including the start-up of Jems Communications, where as president he helped lead the creation of multiple trade magazines, research journals, trade shows, newsletters, books, videos, and on-line resources for the emergency care market. With his partner, the late Jim Page, Keith arranged the sale of Jems in 1993 to the Times Mirror Corporation and continued to head the Jems Division for Times Mirror for the next four years.
He left to form his own consulting organization in 1997 and continues to serve as a contributing editor for the Journal of Emergency Medical Services. He serves on the College of Fellows for the National Academy of Emergency Dispatch, which has been a consulting client for the past nine years, and is on the Board of Directors for the Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation. He serves on the advisory boards of several organizations, including Take Heart America, EPIC Medics, the National Institute for Urban Search and Rescue, and the James O. Page Foundation.
Keith has a BA degree in journalism from San Diego State University where he later studied marketing, advertising, accounting and management as a graduate student in its MBA program. He has been a frequent speaker at the Folio Magazine Publishing Seminars and is on the Board of Directors for the Western Publications Association, the leading organization for magazine publishers in the western states.
Henry Jampel, MD
Johns Hopkins University
Henry Jampel, M.D. is the Odd Fellows Professor of Ophthalmology at the Wilmer Eye Institute of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
On May 16th, 2000, at the age of 44, and 7 months after completion of the Ironman Triathlon World Championship in Hawaii, Henry had a cardiac arrest in the shower after a swim workout. After 27 minutes of CPR by 4 fellow swimmers who were also physicians, he was successfully defibrillated, a striking example of the exception that proves the rule.
Henry relishes in his full recovery from his cardiac arrest, and like most survivors, is passionate about reducing avoidable deaths from sudden cardiac arrest. He testified this winter (2006) in the Maryland Senate for a bill mandating AEDs in all high schools in the state, and was thrilled that the bill passed.
Henry joined an extremely small group of people in 2004, those survivors of sudden cardiac arrest who have subsequently completed an Ironman triathlon. He lives with his wife, Risa, a dermatologist, and has three children, Catherine 21, Joseph 18, and Sarah 14, who are happy that their dad is still around.
Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine/Cardiology
Emory University School of Medicine
Bobby V. Khan, MD, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Medicine/Cardiology at Emory University School of Medicine and Director of the Coronary Care Unit and Cardiovascular Research at Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta. He was recently named a Fulbright Scholar. He serves as an attending physician at Grady, providing bedside and didactic teaching on a daily basis. In addition, he teaches medical students and graduate students and supervises PhD and post-doctoral fellows. He holds visiting professorships at multiple universities.
Dr. Khan’s research interests include studying mechanisms of action in the progression of atherosclerosis and heart failure and drug/non-drug therapies that may slow or stall this progression. A popular international lecturer, Dr. Khan’s work has been published in numerous peer-review journals. In addition, he is a manuscript reviewer for Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, Circulation, Diabetes Care, the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the American Journal of Cardiology and Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. He has served as an abstract reviewer for the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association and as an ACC Sessions chair for five years. He serves as a consultant to several pharmaceutical companies and holds multiple patents.
Dr. Khan graduated with a Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude, from Vanderbilt University, and a Doctor of Medicine (with honors) and a Doctor of Philosophy in pharmacology from the University of Tennessee. His postgraduate education included a residency in internal medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and a cardiology fellowship at Emory University. He has received multiple awards including “Outstanding Predoctoral Fellowship Award” and Outstanding Research Award.”
Nonprofit Leadership Institute
Michael Kumer is the Executive Director of Duquesne University's Nonprofit Leadership Institute (NLI), and Associate Dean of the University's School of Leadership and Professional Advancement.
Since assuming the directorship of the NLI, Michael has produced and facilitated countless programs pursuant to nonprofit excellence. These programs have enjoyed a cumulative enrollment of thousands of board members, staff and volunteers representing hundreds of nonprofit agencies.
Michael accumulated a vast wealth of experience as a board/ advisory board member and officer of several regional and national nonprofit organizations, including Bands of America, Youth Education in the Arts and the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. He is a past Board Chair of the Pittsburgh Chamber Music Society and the Pittsburgh New Music Ensemble.
Prior to assuming his current position, Michael served as Dean of Duquesne University's Mary Pappert School of Music.
Keith Lurie, MD
Central Minnesota Heart Center
St. Cloud, MN
Dr. Keith Lurie has an extensive background as a clinician, inventor and consultant to the medical industry. Dr. Lurie currently practices at the Central Minnesota Heart Center in St. Cloud , MN , specializing in electrophysiology. He has been a faculty member at the University of Minnesota since 1981 and is currently Professor of Internal Medicine and Emergency Medicine, Co-Director of the Cardiac Arrhythmia Center , and a Member of the Bioengineering Institute and post-graduate Biomedical Engineering faculty. Dr. Lurie is the founder and Chief Medical Officer of Advanced Circulatory Systems, Inc., a company committed to improving the outcomes of cardiac resuscitation, circulatory shock and head trauma through the commercialization of circulatory enhancement technologies.
Srinivas Murali, MD, FACC, FACM
Director, Allegheny General Hospital Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
Medical Director, Gerald McGinnis Cardiovascular Institute
Srinivas Murali, MD, is Director of the Allegheny General Hospital Division of Cardiovascular Medicine and Medical Director of the hospital’s Gerald McGinnis Cardiovascular Institute. He joined the faculty in the Division of Cardiology at the University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as an Assistant Professor of Medicine in 1987. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1993 and to Professor of Medicine in 2002. He became the Medical Director of the cardiac transplantation program at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1993. He completed his residency training in internal medicine at the Jewish Hospital and Medical Center, New York, NY in 1983. Dr. Murali was awarded the Diplomate in Internal Medicine by the American Board of Internal Medicine in 1983.
Dr. Murali received fellowship training in cardiovascular disease at the Jewish Hospital in New York between 1983 and 1985. Subsequent to this, he moved to the University of Pittsburgh for specialty fellowship training in heart failure and cardiac transplantation. He was awarded the Diplomate in Cardiovascular Disease by the American Board of Internal Medicine in 1987. Dr. Murali was awarded the Fellowship in the American College of Physicians in 1987, Fellowship in the American College of Cardiology in 1989, and Membership in the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation in 1989. Since 2002, he has been honored as one of the 'Best Doctors in America' by the Pittsburgh Magazine every year.
During the past 20 years, Dr. Murali has authored or co-authored more than 100 publications in the field of heart failure and cardiac transplantation. He has given more than 100 presentations in national and international scientific meetings, and he serves on several committees in the American College of Cardiology, International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation, Pulmonary Hypertension Association and the Heart Failure Society of America.
Mary M. Newman, MS
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation President
Mary M. Newman is president and co-founder of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) Foundation. She served from February 2000 through June 2005 as co-founder and executive director of the National Center for Early Defibrillation (NCED) at the University of Pittsburgh and as faculty in the University of Pittsburgh Department of Emergency Medicine. While at NCED, she led the development of a website attracting nearly one million unique users from scores of countries, the development and widespread dissemination of multiple award-winning print and electronic educational materials, the creation of the SCA Survivor Network, and the creation of the national SCA Coalition (previously called the SCA Alliance).
Previously she served as research coordinator for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest research at Krannert Institute of Cardiology, Indiana University School of Medicine, in Indianapolis, IN, where she studied the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) by law enforcement agencies and by response teams at the worksite. She also served as a site coordinator of the NIH Public Access Defibrillation study. In addition, she has conducted survey research related to public and professional awareness about SCA and implementation of early defibrillation programs and participated as a member of Braslow's video self-instruction (VSI) research team.
Ms. Newman is author/ co-author of numerous articles published in peer review journals, trade journals, newsletters, and the popular press. She is author/ co-author of Challenging Sudden Death: A Community Guide to Help Save Lives, Protest the Silence: Take Action Against Sudden Death!, and I Survived Sudden Cardiac Arrest! (a motivational DVD). She has been a contributing editor of the Journal of Emergency Medical Services (JEMS) since 1980. She created the Chain of Survival metaphor, which has been widely adopted by numerous organizations worldwide.
Newman served as a member of the planning committee for Pittsburghers United for Life Saving Emergencies (PULSE). She was a co-founder of the Citizen CPR Foundation (CCPRF) and served on its Board of Directors and Executive Committee and on the planning committees for its Emergency Cardiac Care Update for nearly 18 years (1987-2004). She was founding editor of the CCPRF/ American Heart Association (AHA) publication, Currents in Emergency Cardiac Care (1989-1994). She has served on multiple expert panels and committees of government and national nonprofit organizations, including participation in the DOT National Standard Curriculum on Bystander Care, participation in CPR curriculum development for the American Red Cross, and service on the American Heart Association AED Task Force. She was a volunteer emergency medical technician (EMT) with the Chester, N.J., Fire Department and a volunteer CPR instructor and AHA New Jersey Affiliate Faculty member.
Newman graduated magna cum laude from the University of Cincinnati and completed EMT training at Northeastern University. She pursued a Masters in Public Health with a concentration in epidemiology at Indiana University and received her Master of Science in Nonprofit Management at Robert Morris University in Pittsburgh.
She was recognized as an Honored Member in Healthcare and Member of the Annual Registry of Professional Business Leaders by the 2008-2009 Princeton Premier Registry, as a Health Care Hero Award Finalist by the Pittsburgh Business Times in 2004, and by the national Who's Who in Emergency Medical Services in 2001.
Newman has four children, a foster son, and nine grandchildren.
Woman Promotes Awareness, Action for Cardiac Arrest (PDF download)
Robert A. Niskanen
Resurgent Biomedical Consulting LLC
Robert A. Niskanen is the Managing Director of Resurgent Biomedical Consulting, LLC, in Seattle. He works with several companies on induced hypothermia, mechanical CPR devices, and airway control as methods to improve resuscitation. In addition, he is executive director of Take Heart America, a demonstration project aimed to improve survival from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in three U.S. cities.
Previously, he served as a Senior Principal Scientist at Medtronic Emergency Response Systems (ERS) in Redmond, Washington. He was part of the research efforts at Physio-Control Corporation/ Medtronic ERS, for more than 25 years, serving previously as the Director of Research and then VP of Clinical Research. He graduated from the University of Washington with a MSEE in 1976.
Bob has been active in biomedical engineering for more than 30 years. His primary professional interests center on resuscitation, emergency medicine and cardiovascular disease. He has been involved in both technical and clinical research in CPR, defibrillation, ventilation, acute myocardial infarction triage and medical data management. He delights in working with engineers, scientists, physicians, researchers, business professionals and others to solve problems in emergency medicine.
He is active with a number of professional organizations, including the National Association of EMS Physicians, the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, the American College of Emergency Physicians, the American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, and Citizen CPR Foundation. He was active with the National Center for Early Defibrillation during its existence at the University of Pittsburgh.
Bob is convinced that dramatic improvements can and will be made in the survival rate of sudden cardiac arrest through collaboration. He believes an increased emphasis should be place on the role and influence of SCA survivors in fighting this national medical tragedy.
Joseph P. Ornato, MD, FACC, FACEP
Professor and Chairman
Department of Emergency Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia
Dr. Joseph Ornato is Professor and Chairman of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia in Richmond, Virginia. He is also Medical Director of the Richmond Ambulance Authority, the Prehospital Paramedic System serving the City of Richmond, Virginia.
Born in New Haven, Connecticut, he graduated from Boston University Medical School magna cum laude and completed his training in Internal Medicine at New York City's Mount Sinai Hospital and in Cardiology at New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical Center. He is triple board certified (Internal Medicine, Cardiology, Emergency Medicine).
Dr. Ornato is an active researcher in the field of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Dr. Ornato is American Editor of the journal Resuscitation and is on the editorial board of the American Journal of Emergency Medicine. He is past Chairman of the American Heart Association's National Emergency Cardiac Care Committee and the AHA Advanced Cardiac Life Support Subcommittee. Dr. Ornato is a member of the American College of Cardiology's Emergency Cardiac Care Committee. He is the American Heart Association's national representative to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's National Heart Attack Alert Program's Coordinating Committee and he is Chairman of its Science Base Subcommittee. Dr. Ornato is also a Special Consultant to the Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Food and Drug Administration.
Paul F. Pendergast
Athletic Director, University of Connecticut
Paul F. Pendergast is Athletic Director at the University of Connecticut in Storrs. Previously, he served as President of the St. Francis Hospital Foundation and Senior Vice President and Chief Development Officer for St. Francis Hospital in Hartford, Connecticut. He has 38 years of successful fundraising, sales, consulting, staff and management experience in domestic and international markets.
Before then, he served as UConn's Senior Associate Athletic Director–Development. There he led a development team that serviced athletic donors and grew donor funds from $6.5 M to $17M in four years and grew the donor base from 4,500 to 8,000+.
Previously, he served as UConn’s Assistant Athletic Director-Corporate Relations where he led a marketing team that serviced athletic scholarships. He trained 70+ student-workers and interns as support staff.
His previous positions include National Accounts Manager–Pecos Learning Center Division at Aon Corporation in Minneapolis, Minnesota; National Program Manager for the Lexmark Corporation in Lexington, Kentucky; and multiple sales, marketing and management positions with the IBM Corporation in Europe, the Far East and the Americas.
Paul served in the U.S. Air Force during the Viet Nam War. He is a graduate of Grove City College in Pennsylvania where he received his BA in political science and was class president, and St. Edward’s University in Texas, where he pursued an MBA in international marketing.
He has served in elected positions for the Town of Simsbury, Connecticut, Board of Assessment Appeals and has held volunteer leadership positions for many organizations including St. Mary Parish (Simsbury, CT), St. Joseph Residence (Enfield, CT), St. Mary Bereavement Support Group, Ritter Family Foundation, American Cancer Society “Relay for Life,” Greater Hartford Notre Dame Alumni Club, Simsbury Culture, Parks & Recreation Commission, Simsbury Soccer Club, Connecticut Junior Soccer Association, U.S. Olympic Development Program, Grove City College Alumni Association, St. Elizabeth House Homeless Shelter, and the McLean Home and the Connecticut State Gaming Board.
He was named the Simsbury “Hometown Hero” in May, 1990, and Connecticut Junior Soccer Association “Coach of the Year” in 1989.
Paul is married to Linda Pendergast and has three sons (Sean, Kevin and Ryan), two step-daughters (Laurie and Shannon), and nine grandchildren (Aleisha, James, Sammy, Judy Anne, Hannah, Jack, William, Olivia and T.J.).
Edward M. Racht, MD
Vidacare Corporation, San Antonio, TX
Edward M. Racht, MD is the Medical Director, Vidacare Corporation. Previously he served as Vice President of Medical Affairs/ Chief Medical Officer, Piedmont Newnan Hospital in Newnan, GA. Prior to this, he was Medical Director for the City of Austin/ Travis County EMS System, a diverse group of providers and agencies that includes the Austin Fire Department, Austin/ Travis 9-1-1 Emergency Communications, Austin/ Travis County EMS, Travis County Parks Department, STARFlight helicopter, Lower Colorado River Authority Rangers, Austin Aviation Police, 15 volunteer first responder fire departments and EMS agencies and a Corporate Response Group made up of 18 regional corporate response teams.
Dr. Racht has been involved in EMS for 18 years. He received his medical degree from Emory University in Atlanta and completed his residency at the Medical College of Virginia. Before relocating to Texas, he was an Assistant Professor and Associate Chief of the Medicine Section of EMS at the Medical College of Virginia in Richmond. He was Medical Director for multiple career and volunteer EMS agencies, fire departments and the Richmond Police Department SWAT team. He was appointed by the Governor of Virginia to three successive terms on the State EMS Advisory Board.
Dr. Racht is active at the state and national level serving as the Chairperson of the Governor's EMS and Trauma Advisory Council for the State of Texas and the Texas Affiliate Board of Directors of the AHA. He has also been active in International EMS, serving as a consultant to the World Bank and as the American founder of the Vladivostok and Moscow, Russia EMS Training Centers.
Dr. Racht has been actively involved in the creation of a "community chain of survival" in Austin that unites private and public agencies and individuals in a unique partnership designed to effectively manage sudden cardiac death. In 1999, Dr. Racht was named EMS Medical Director of the year for the State of Texas. In 2000, he was named Volunteer of the Year for the Capital Area Division of the American Heart Association. He was also featured in a cover article in JEMS on a "New Breed of Medical Directors" in July 1997 and recognized again in JEMS in 2005 for his leadership.
Edmund M. Ricci, PhD, MLitt
Professor of Sociology in Public Health
Director, Institute for Evaluation Science in Community Health
University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health
Edmund Ricci, PhD, MLitt is Director of the Institute for Evaluation Science in Community Health at the Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, in Pittsburgh, PA. His primary technical areas are evaluation and survey research methods. Most recently he has focused on minority health disparities, long-term care services and institutions, emergency and disaster medicine and substance abuse intervention programs. He has designed, directed or participated in more that 250 evaluation studies, dealing with a wide range of health and human service programs and organizations. As Professor of Sociology in Public Health, he teaches several doctoral level courses on evaluation science.
Dr. Ricci has served as a member of the National Academy of Sciences/ National Research Council, Committee on EMS, and Chair of the Health Services Research Training Study Section of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). He currently serves as a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Health and Social Policy. He is a member of the Behavioral Sciences Council, Association of Schools of Public Health and the Scientific Advisory Committee for the International Resuscitation Research Center. He has been a visiting faculty member at the Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Lisbon, Portugal, and the University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica, and serves as a member of the Board of Examiners, Sir Venkateswara University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Andrew R. Roszak, JD, MPA, EMT-P
Andrew Roszak served as a firefighter/paramedic for eight years in the Chicago land area. During this time, Andrew also served as a CPR/AED/First Aid instructor at two community colleges. In these capacities, Andrew has been very instrumental in the design and implementation of Early Access AED Programs.
Andrew received an Associates degree in Paramedic Supervision from Kankakee Community College, a Bachelors degree in Fire Science Management from the Chicago Fire Academy - Southern Illinois University, a Masters Degree in Public Administration and a Juris Doctorate Degree from Southern Illinois University - School of Law.
Andrew has had numerous articles published and has given presentations nationally regarding the legal implications of AED ownership and use.
After leaving the fire service, Andrew worked for the Deputy Director of Health Protection for the Illinois Department of Public Health for two years. Andrew also served as a Health Policy Fellow in the United States Senate and as a Senior Advisor for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Pittsburgh Area Manager
Gary Runco is employed as the Pittsburgh Area Manager for Borton-Lawson, an engineering and architecture design firm. He has 35 plus years of experience with an expertise in bridge inspection and analysis. He previously taught as an Adjunct Professor at the University of Pittsburgh and taught courses for the Federal Highway Administration in 26 states and Puerto Rico. Gary earned his Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from the University of Pittsburgh.
Gary has been active in the Pittsburgh community and with non-profit professional societies. He is a graduate of Leadership Pittsburgh (Class XI) and has served on professional society boards such as the Pittsburgh Section of the American Society of Civil Engineers (where he is a Past President), the Association of Bridge Construction and Design (Past President) and the International Bridge Conference (Past General Chairman). He is currently active with the Marcellus Shale Coalition serving on the general committee, road use committee and safety committee. His years of service on non-profit boards and connections within the Pittsburgh community should prove to be valuable resources in his new role.
Gary and his wife have four children.
Michael R. Sayre, MD
University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Michael R. Sayre, MD, is a native of Cincinnati, Ohio. He attended Xavier University in Cincinnati and graduated in 1980 with a degree in Natural Sciences. He then attended the University of Cincinnati and received his Doctor of Medicine in 1984. Dr. Sayre completed a residency in Emergency Medicine at Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh in 1987. He remained on the attending staff at Allegheny General until 1990 when he returned to Cincinnati.
While on the faculty of the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Cincinnati, Dr. Sayre focused his efforts on EMS. He served as the Medical Director for the EMS program of the Cincinnati Fire Division from 1992 to 2000. In 2000, Dr. Sayre relocated to the University of Chicago to join the staff of the Emergency Resuscitation Research Center where he served as the Director of Clinical Research for the ERRC.
In 2003, Dr. Sayre moved to The Ohio State University and has focused his research on clinical trials involving the management of SCA. He is active with EMS research and serves as the Principal Investigator for the Ohio site in the ASPIRE clinical trial of the AutoPulse CPR assist device. He is currently the Vice Chairman of the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee.
He served as Chairman of the Founding Board of Directors of the Sudden Cardiac Arrest Foundation.
Sam Sears, PhD
Professor and Director of Health Psychology
East Carolina University
Dr. Sears is Professor and Director of Health Psychology at East Carolina University. He holds joint appointments in Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and the Department of Psychology. He is a nationally recognized expert in the psychological care and quality of life outcomes of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients and has published over 75 articles in the medicine literature on the psychological aspects of cardiology. His co-authored book with Dr. Wayne Sotile, You Can Make a Difference: Brief Psychosocial Interventions for ICD Patients and Families, has been distributed to over 4, 000 health care providers worldwide. Dr. Sears is the principal investigator on funded grants related to psychosocial treatments for ICD patients. Dr. Sears was honored by his peers by being awarded the “Early Career Contributions to Psychology Award” by the Florida Psychological Association in 1998. He received five Teacher of the Year awards for both Research and Classroom teaching from the students of his department. Dr. Sears is married to Staci Evans, his wife of 14 years, and they have two sons, Jackson and Brandon, and live in Greenville, NC.
Laurence S. Sperling, MD, FACC, FAHA, FACP
Founder and Director of Preventive Cardiology at the Emory Clinic
Co-Director of the Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship Program at Emory
Laurence S. Sperling, M.D., FACC, FAHA, FACP is the Founder and Director of Preventive Cardiology at the Emory Clinic and Co-Director of the Cardiovascular Disease Fellowship Program at Emory. He is currently an Associate Professor of Medicine (Cardiology) at the Emory University School of Medicine. He was awarded The American College of Cardiology Harry B. Graf Career Development Award for Heart Disease Prevention and The American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology Scholarship for Physical Activity and Public Health in 2001.
Dr. Sperling is originally from New York. He received his undergraduate degree from Emory College where he was accepted into Emory University School of Medicine’s Early Acceptance Program as a college sophomore. He graduated with his M.D. in 1989, and subsequently completed 8 additional years of training at Emory including a residency in internal medicine, chief resident year at Emory University Hospital, an NIH-supported research fellowship in molecular and vascular medicine, and a clinical fellowship in cardiovascular diseases.
Dr. Sperling serves as medical director for a number of unique programs at Emory including The HeartWise Risk Reduction Program, InterVent Atlanta, Staying Aloft, Emory’s LDL apheresis program, and has served as special consultant to The Centers for Disease Control. He has been voted one of America’s Top Doctors and appeared often on local and national TV, newspaper, radio, and magazines. He has received awards for excellence in both teaching and mentorship. He is an investigator in a number of important clinical trials including JUPITER, COURAGE, and BARI-2D and has authored over 70 manuscripts, abstracts, and book chapters.
Robert H. Trenkamp, Jr
President and co-founder of Saving Lives in Chatham County (“SLICC”)
Chatham County, GA
Robert H. Trenkamp, Jr. is president and co-founder of Saving Lives in Chatham County (“SLICC”), a 501(c)(3) public charity founded to reduce the needless death and disability that occurs when someone suffers a cardiac arrest or a stroke and nobody nearby knows what to do. SLICC, with content guided by a six-physician Medical Advisory Board, has:
- Taken its test zip code from approximately six percent of the population being CPR trained to more than 36 percent trained
- Developed a Neighborhood CPR Training program through which local organizations such as houses of worship, can launch their own programs using materials that SLICC furnishes without charge
- Launched a CPR in the Schools product that helps school systems provide CPR training in their 7th through 12th grade curricula.
School faculty members facilitate class sessions using SLICC’s 35 minute DVD. The program is provided to schools without charge. This program has been adopted by 36 schools and is growing in popularity.
Robert earned his Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering and Applied Science from Yale University and his MBA from Case-Western Reserve University. He began his career as an electrical engineer, soon moving into management, eventually having P&L management responsibility for a $300 million group of four high-tech companies within a Fortune 500 corporation. In 1981 Robert founded Lloyd Harbor Resources, a consultancy that specialized in reversing the trajectory of troubled high tech companies, both large and small.
Following his retirement in 2001, he earned his EMT and Paramedic credentials in both New York and Georgia. He successfully completed the Critical Care Emergency Medical Transport-Paramedic course at the Medical College of Georgia. He then began working the night shift twice a week at Savannah’s Level I Trauma Center and filling in on ambulances with Southside Fire Department. It was these work experiences that prompted the formation of SLICC.
Robert and his wife have two children and five grandsons.
Roger D. White, MD, FACC
Professor of Anesthesiology
Mayo Medical School
Roger D. White, MD, FACC, is professor of anesthesiology at the Mayo Medical School and consultant in anesthesiology (cardiovascular) at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He is a member of the AHA BLS Subcommittee, the National Association of EMS Physicians, the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, and a fellow of the American College of Cardiology. He is also on the Board of Directors of the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians. He is co-medical director of Rochester's Gold Cross Ambulance Service and medical director of the City of Rochester Police/Fire Department Early
Previous activities related to defibrillation include chairperson of the US Food and Drug Administration's Defibrillator Working Group and membership on the AHA Task Force on Automatic External Defibrillation, Subcommittee on AED
Safety and Efficacy.
On-going clinical research projects include assessment of patient outcomes following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest caused by ventricular fibrillation and evaluation of the performance of biphasic waveforms in AEDs used by paramedics, police and firefighters. His bibliography includes 134 publications, the majority pertaining to emergency cardiac care.
Managing Partner, Cire Consulting, LLC
Gary Zmrhal is a senior financial and operating executive with more than 30 years experience in professional services, consulting and healthcare management. He is a proven leader with creative problem-solving skills and experience in finance, analysis, budgeting, strategic planning, mergers and acquisitions, vendor/ licensor negotiations and staff development. A seasoned entrepreneur with experience in new business development and expansion of existing products and services, Mr. Zmrhal is Managing Director, CIRE Consulting LLC in Naperville IL, which offers executive level expertise to financially distressed hospitals. He previously served as Chief Financial Officer at Holy Cross Hospital in Chicago, and as acting CFO for St. Vincent Medical Centers in New York, NY, St. Josephïs Hospital in Wayne, NJ, and Mercy Hospital in Chicago.
Earlier, he was Partner, Blackmank, Kallick & Bartelstein LLP, a regional public accounting firm in Chicago. He also served as Vice President/ CFO of MacNeal Health Network/ Foundation in Berwyn, IL, where he was responsible for all accounting and finance functions and managed a 40-person staff. He worked for more than 20 years for the Big Six public accounting firm Arthur Anderson & Company.
Mr. Zmrhal is a graduate of Illinois State University and a certified public accountant in Illinois, Indiana and Iowa.